A nation divided
Dred Scott decision
On March 7, 1857, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down its ruling in the case of Dred Scott vs. Sanford.
Dred Scott had been a slave in Missouri before going to Illinois and Wisconsin.
He claimed that since he had lived in free states, he was a free man. The Supreme Court ruled that Scott did not have a right to a trial since he was African-American and was not considered a citizen.
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