Jim Crow Laws
After the war was over and slaves were freed, many African-Americans began to have power in the South's government, and with the passing of the 15th Amendment, men of all races could vote.
The southern states were angered by this, so after Reconstruction, many southern states passed "Jim Crow" laws.
These laws attempted to segregate (separate) the two races and cause an unfair treatment of people, called discrimination. The African-Americans were the people treated unfairly, or discriminated against, as the laws affected what Blacks were able to do. The idea of disliking one race, also known as prejudice, was made more popular through the use of "Jim Crow".
"Jim Crow" laws did such things as pass unfair poll taxes and voting tests to keep African-Americans from voting. Most Blacks were poor and could not read or write. Soon, it became very difficult for African-Americans to cast their vote or hold public office.
Other forms of segregation were also practiced in schools, restaurants, and transportation. Blacks could only attend separate schools from whites, eat in separate restaurants, drink from separate fountains, and ride in the back of the public bus. This discrimination toward African-Americans lasted for about one hundred years, until the 1960s, when things started to change. One woman, Rosa Parks, refused to sit in the back of the bus, and the fight for civil rights began again. It continues to this day.
Back | Next