09.03.2014  |   | Subscribe  | Contact us

EDUCATION

Civil War glossary

ABOLITION
(Abolitionist) Ending slavery

AGRICULTURE
(Agricultural) Farming, growing crops or raising livestock

AMPUTATION
Removal of a damaged limb of the body, popular medical treatment during the Civil War

ANTEBELLUM
Belonging to the period before the Civil War

ARTILLERY
Cannons or mortars

ASSASSINATE
To murder a public figure by surprise attack, usually for political reasons

BLOCKADE
Union warships blocked the southern coast, cutting off trade and supplies from port cities

BOMBARDMENT
To fire cannons on a certain area for an extended time

CALVALRY
Horse soldiers

CONSPIRACY
A group planning a secret act that is unlawful

DISCRIMINATION
Treating people based on them belonging to a certain group

EMANCIPATION
Freeing the slaves

FLANK
The left and right edge of an army, most vulnerable to attack Immigrants – People from foreign countries who have settled in the United States

FORTIFY
To strengthen one’s position by building barricades with wood, stone, or dirt

FUGITIVE
Someone who had escaped from captivity, such as a runaway slave

HARDTACK
A hard, typically worm-infested biscuit used by both armies as a main source of food

INAUGURAL ADDRESS
Speech given by the President at the beginning of his term of office

INDUSTRY
Industry (Industrial) Making or manufacturing goods

INFANTRY
Foot soldiers

MALICE
Hatred

NATURALIZED
Gaining full citizenship

OFFICER
Ranking soldiers able to issue commands

PERISH
Cease to exist

POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY
States having the right to choose whether to allow slavery

POLITICIAN
Person appointed or elected to represent the population in a country’s government

PREJUDICE
Suspicion or hatred of a certain race, religion, or group

RECONSTRUCTION
Period from 1865-1877, Confederate states were rebuilt and brought back in the Union

REFUGEES
People without a home, usually caused by war or famine

RIFLED MUSKET
Type of musket with a grooved barrel, able to shoot minie balls, highly accurate

SECESSION
(secede) Leave the Union

SEGREGATION
To separate based on race

SECTIONALISM
Dividing the country into different regions with local interests

SHARECROPPING
System adopted by the South after the Civil War in which shares of crops were rent for land

SIEGE
To surround and cut off supplies to an army or town until they surrender

SMOOTHBORE
Type of musket with a smooth barrel, able to shoot round lead balls, highly inaccurate

SYMPATHIZER
Supporter of a certain cause

TARIFFS
Taxes placed on foreign goods coming into the United States

TENANT
A person who pays rent to use property owned by another

TRANSCONTINENTAL
Crossing the continent, going across America


The story

1. A Nation Divided

2. Events and Battles

3. Leaders

4. Daily Life

5. Aftermath


Activities

North or South?

Match the abolitionist

What would you do?

Name that leader

Study the artifact

Be a columnist

Interactive map


Help

SOL Civil War key word index

Glossary