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A Syrian rebel fighter aims at Syrian government forces during fighting in Aleppo, Syria.
PARIS--France raised the possibility Thursday of sending "defensive weapons" to Syria's rebels, but Russia warned that such a move would violate international law.
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said his country will ask the European Union to consider lifting the Syrian arms embargo, which prevents weapons from being sent to either side.
"We must not militarize the conflict but it's obviously unacceptable that there are liberated zones and they're bombed" by President Bashar Assad's regime, Fabius said in an interview with RTL radio. "We have to find a good balance."
The civil war in Syria, which began as an uprising against Assad's regime, has killed more than 36,000 Syrians since March 2011, according to anti-government activists. The fighting and flood of refugees seeking safety have also spilled over into several of Syria's neighbors, including Israel, Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan.
The fighting has descended into a bloody stalemate, and rebels say they desperately need weapons to turn the tide.
"The question of defensive arms will be raised," Fabius said, without providing details about what such arms would be. "This cannot be done without coordination between Europeans."
The topic of Syria is sure to be on the agenda at the EU foreign ministers meeting Monday in Brussels.
France has taken a leading role among Western countries in supporting Syria's rebels. On Tuesday, it became the first Western nation to formally recognize Syria's newly formed opposition coalition as the sole legitimate representative of the Syrian people.
On Saturday, the president of the new opposition coalition, the 52-year-old preacher turned activist Mouaz al-Khatib, is to visit Paris and meet with President Francois Hollande. Al-Khatib is scheduled to hold talks a day earlier in London with British officials, who have said they will urge the opposition to set out a strategy to halt the conflict.
Syria's splintered rebel factions agreed to a U.S.-backed plan to unite last weekend under the new umbrella group, which seeks a common voice and strategy against the regime.
A French diplomatic official said Thursday that Paris sees quick recognition as a primary way to assure success for the opposition.
"There won't be many other occasions like this," said the official who was not authorized to speak publicly on the matter and asked not to be named. "We have a collective responsibility, to the Syrians and ourselves, to make this live."
Turkey, which shares a long border with Syria and is a major backer of the opposition, followed suit on Thursday, with Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu saying Ankara recognized the Syrian National Coalition as "the only legal representative" of Syria, the Anadolu news agency reported.
The six-nation Gulf Cooperation Council already has recognized the new broad-based Syrian opposition group. The GCC includes Qatar and regional power Saudi Arabia, both of whom have been supporters of the rebels fighting to oust Assad.