Return to story
CAIRO--Egypt's Islamist president may hail from the fiercely anti-Israeli Muslim Brotherhood, an ally of Gaza's Hamas rulers. But in his first major crisis over Israel, he is adopting a stance not unlike that of his ousted predecessor Hosni Mubarak, Israel's longtime friend.
After Israel launched its ferocious campaign of airstrikes and shelling against Gaza in retaliation for militant rocket attacks, Mohammed Morsi recalled Egypt's ambassador to Israel in protest and on Thursday ordered his prime minister to head to the tiny Palestinian territory in a symbolic show of solidarity.
Morsi, Egypt's first freely elected president, is facing calls at home to take stronger action. But he is just as wary as Mubarak about straining ties with the United States, Israel's top ally. Moreover, powerful parts of the Egyptian ruling establishment--particularly in the military and the security forces--deeply oppose Hamas, and Morsi could face a backlash if he appears to move too strongly in the militant group's direction.
In theory, the bloodshed in Gaza would be an ideal opportunity for Morsi to let loose against Israel. In past conflicts between Israel and Arab countries, his Muslim Brotherhood loudly denounced Mubarak for too timid a response, demanding the expulsion of the Israeli ambassador from Cairo, for example. The group often accused Mubarak of toeing Washington's line on Israel.
But in his first public comments on the crisis, Morsi on Thursday was subdued and almost conciliatory. He called the bombardment an "unacceptable aggression" but avoided sharp condemnations of Israel. He expressed support for Palestinians in Gaza, but made no reference to Hamas.
"We don't accept the continuation of this [Israeli] threat and aggression against the people of Gaza," he said in comments at a Cabinet meeting aired on state TV. "The Israelis must realize that we don't accept this aggression and that it can only lead to instability in the region."
Morsi also said he spoke before dawn Thursday with President Barack Obama on stopping the assault and on how "peace and security could be achieved for everyone without aggression."
The tame response could be out of pragmatism. Egypt does not want to be seen as fueling the Gaza crisis and it has a strong interest in securing the goodwill of the international community--particularly the U.S.--as it seeks massive injection of foreign investments and aid to kick-start its ailing economy. The U.S. is Egypt's chief Western backer, giving it $1.3 billion a year in military aid and $250 million in economic assistance. Washington's goodwill is also needed to secure a key $4.8 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund. An IMF team is currently in Cairo to negotiate the loan.
Morsi could come under greater pressure for a tougher response if the onslaught worsens. Over two days, Israel has blasted more than 200 targets in Gaza, killing 15 Palestinians, including the Hamas military chief. Palestinian militants barraged Israel with nearly 150 rockets on Thursday, killing three people. Three rockets struck the densely populated Tel Aviv area, raising the likelihood of an even tougher Israeli response.
But so far, his response has not gone beyond what Mubarak did in the past. Mubarak, who was overthrown in early 2011, twice ordered home his ambassador to Israel, once over the Jewish state's 1982 invasion of Lebanon and again in 2000 over the suppression of the Palestinian uprising. In both cases, Mubarak used fiery rhetoric to denounce Israel's actions but remained firmly committed to his country's U.S.-sponsored 1979 peace treaty with the Jewish state.