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Officials OK Walmart near Va. battlefield
Orange supervisors vote 4-1 to allow 'big-box' retail center

UPDATE: Orange County supervisors voted 4-1 to approve a special-use permit to build a Walmart Supercenter near the Wilderness battlefield. The vote came at 12:55 a.m. after supervisors had voted to extend the midnight deadline on their meetings. Voting for the special use permit were Supervisors Lee Frame, Mark Johnson, Zack Burkett and Teel Goodwin. Supervisor Teri Pace voted against the Special use permit.

FULL COVERAGE: View dozens of related stories, multimedia and more on the Wilderness Wal-Mart controversy.
Date published: 8/24/2009

By STEVE SZKOTAK
Associated Press Writer

ORANGE--Local officials early Tuesday approved a Walmart Supercenter near one of the nation's most important Civil War battlefields, a proposal that had stirred opposition by preservationists and hundreds of historians.

The Orange County Board of Supervisors voted 4-1 to grant the special permit to the world's biggest retailer after a majority of more than 100 speakers said they favored bringing the Walmart to Locust Grove, within a cannonball's shot from the Wilderness Battlefield.

Historians and Civil War buffs are fearful the Walmart store will draw traffic and more commerce to an area within the historic boundaries of the Wilderness, where generals Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee first met in battle 145 years ago and where 145,000 Union and Confederate soldiers fought and more than 29,000 were killed or injured. One-fourth of the Wilderness is protected.

But they could not sway supervisors, who said they didn't see the threat.

"I cannot see how there will be any visual impact to the Wilderness Battlefield," Supervisor Chairman Lee Frame said, casting a vote for the special use permit the store needs to build. "I think the current proposal ... is the best way to protect the battlefield."

The retailer said construction could begin in a year.

Nearly 400 people crowded into Orange County High School to attend the board's hearing. Some came dressed in period costume, including a dead ringer for Lee, and one speaker ended his remarks with a rendition of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic."

Many residents cited three reasons for supporting the Walmart proposal: jobs, tax revenue and a cheap shopping option for the 32,000 residents of this farming community about 60 miles southwest of Washington.

"I know we've been referred to as ignorant shoppers," said Barbara Wigger. "I feel bad about that but I'll live with it. Let us have our Walmart and let us stop the battle."

Speakers who urged the board to reject the special permit said they were not anti-Walmart, but simply worried about the sanctity of the Wilderness.

"This is a major battlefield," said Charles Seilheimer Jr. "It may not be Gettysburg but it's pretty close. The Civil War experts say this is part of the battlefield. I believe them."

Charles Edge said supervisors should not allow the retailer to build on ground "marked by the blood of the fallen."

"The establishment of a retail chain makes a mockery of that sacrifice," he said.


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